|Common Name||Latin Name||Rank
|Spiny Softshell||Apalone spinifera||S1||T||High|
|Snapping Turtle||Chelydra serpentina||S5|
|Painted Turtle||Chrysemys picta||S5|
|Spotted Turtle||Clemmys guttata||S1||E||High|
|Wood Turtle||Glyptemys insculpta1||S3||SC||High|
|Northern Map Turtle||Graptemys geographica||S3||SC|
|Eastern Musk Turtle||Sternotherus odoratus||S2||SC||Medium|
|Lizards and Snakes||Squamata (Order)|
|Common Five-lined Skink||Plestiodon fasciatus||S1||E||High|
|North American Racer||Coluber constrictor||S1||T||High|
|Timber Rattlesnake||Crotalus horridus||S1||E||High|
|Ring-necked Snake||Diadophis punctatus||S4 12|
|Northern Watersnake||Nerodia sipedon||S3||Medium|
|Smooth Greensnake||Opheodrys vernalis||S3||Medium|
|Eastern Ratsnake||Pantherophis alleghaniensis2||S2||T||High|
|DeKay’s Brownsnake||Storeria dekayi||S4||Medium|
|Red-bellied Snake||Storeria occipitomaculata||S5|
|Eastern Ribbonsnake||Thamnophis sauritus||S2||SC||High|
|Common Gartersnake||Thamnophis sirtalis||S5|
|Jefferson Salamander||Ambystoma jeffersonianum||S2||SC||High|
|Blue-spotted Salamander||Ambystoma laterale||S3||SC||Medium|
|Spotted Salamander||Ambystoma maculatum||S5||Medium|
|Northern Dusky Salamander||Desmognathus fuscus||S5|
|Northern Two-lined Salamander||Eurycea bislineata||S5|
|Spring Salamander||Gyrinophilus porphyriticus||S4|
|Four-toed Salamander||Hemidactylium scutatum||S2||SC||Medium|
|Eastern Newt||Notophthalmus viridescens||S5|
|Eastern Red-backed Salamander||Plethodon cinereus||S5|
|Frogs (including Toads)||Anura (Order)|
|American Toad||Anaxyrus americanus3||S5|
|Fowler’s Toad||Anaxyrus fowleri4||S1||E13||High|
|Gray Treefrog||Hyla versicolor||S5|
|American Bullfrog||Lithobates catesbeianus6||S5|
|Green Frog||Lithobates clamitans7||S5|
|Pickerel Frog||Lithobates palustris8||S5|
|Northern Leopard Frog||Lithobates pipiens9||S4|
|Mink Frog||Lithobates septentrionalis10||S3|
|Wood Frog||Lithobates sylvaticus11||S5|
|Spring Peeper||Pseudacris crucifer||S5|
|Boreal Chorus Frog||Pseudacris maculata5||S1||E||High|
1 Glyptemys insculpta used to be called Clemmys insculpta.
2 Pantherophis alleghaniensis was Elaphe alleghaniensis until 2008. Before changing to Elaphe alleghaniensis, its name was Elaphe obsoleta.
3 Bufo americanus was changed to Anaxyrus americanus in 2008.
4 Bufo fowleri was changed to Anaxyrus fowleri in 2008.
5 Pseudacris triseriata (Western Chorus Frog) was determined to be Pseudacris maculata (Boreal Chorus Frog) in 2007.
6-11 All the Vermont species listed in the Rana genus were reclassified into the Lithobates genus in 2008. Rana sylvatica became Lithobates sylvaticus. Rana catesbeiana became Lithobates catesbeianus as well.
12 The Ring-necked Snake’s State rank was changed from S3 to S4 in December 2013.
13 Fowler's Toad was listed as Endangered in April 2015.
Crother, B. I. (ed.). 2012. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, With Comments Regarding Confidence In Our Understanding. SSAR Herpetological Circular 39:1-92.
|Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander||Desmognathus ochrophaeus|
|One specimen of a juvenile from central Vermont may be of this species. Otherwise, the distribution of this species is believed to have an eastern boundary of the Hudson River and Lake Champlain. No populations have been located.|
|Northern Slimy Salamander||Plethodon glutinosus|
|Specimens labeled from Caledonia Country in Vermont at the Carnegie Museum in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, have long been questioned. They are believed to be mislabeled. No populations have been located.|
|Marbled Salamander||Ambystoma opacum|
|One historic photo of this species is labeled "Vermont" and an historic field record from Fair Haven is from a credible source. A population of this species may eventually be located in southern Vermont, most likely along the Connecticut River drainage. No populations have been located.|
|Eastern Box Turtle||Terrapene carolina|
|The occasional reports of single adult animals are assumed to be released pets. Reports near the southern Connecticut River Valley could possibly be native turtles. No populations are known.|
|Blanding's Turtle||Emydoidea blandingii|
|Widely disjunct populations of this species suggest that populations could potentially exist in Vermont. One well-documented record could be a released pet. No populations have been located.|
|Eastern Hog-Nosed Snake||Heterodon platirhinos|
|Two well-documented records of this species in Vernon suggest local populations. Populations are very close (~15 miles) to the Massachusetts and New York border.|
As per the Vermont Endangered Species Law
Not established by law
State ranks are assigned by the Nongame & Natural Heritage Program based on the best available information. They are not established by law. Ranks are reviewed annually.