Notophthalmus viridescens

Eastern Newt

Notophthalmus viridescens juvenile (Red Eft) Notophthalmus viridescens adult

Photos taken by E. Talmage.

Notophthalmus viridescens ventral view

Photo credit unknown.
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Distribution of Notophthalmus viridescens in Vermont

Distribution Map

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The Eastern Newt as a juvenile is reddish-orange with slightly bumpy skin.

As an adult, the Eastern Newt turns olive green and their bellies reveal scattered black spots on a bright yellow background. They reach 5 inches in length.

Juveniles and adults both have a dark horizontal line going through their eyes and rows of red spots outlined in black along their backs.


The juveniles, called Red Efts, live on land for up to eight years.

As an adult they return to the permanent water of beaver ponds, small lakes, man-made ponds, or marshes, where they breed and lay their eggs individually on underwater vegetation.

The Eastern Newt is fairly common almost statewide but requires large mosaics of interconnected hardwoods and wetlands.


This species has a state natural heritage rank of S5. Please report sightings of this species in Vermont if you have not reported them within the last five years from a given location. Any natural history observations (feeding, migrations, road crossing areas, early or late season appearance, abnormalities, etc.) are appreciated. Photographs are always helpful, particularly if your report is the first report of this species from a town.

More Info

Species summary written by Kaile Burgess.

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